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Sitting south of the equator, Tanzania embodies the picturesque vision one has when it comes to East Africa. Home to Africa’s highest mountain, Mt. Kilimanjaro, and some of the best-known safari national parks, Tanzania has proven time and again that untouched, pristine natural wonders are those that make the best memories and experiences. While the beauty of the country will draw you in, the friendly people and fascinating culture will make you want to stay. The colorful culture, exquisite landscapes, and rich wildlife are all wrapped up in a warm and welcoming package that is Tanzania.

Destination Information
Weather
What is the climate in Tanzania?

Tanzania fits the stereotype of being hot, but the hotter/more humid temperatures are found near the coast, where a refreshing beach swim is never far away. A more temperate climate is found in the elevated north/southeast. The country has two sets of rainy seasons; the long and heavy rains fall between March and May while the shorter rains fall between November and January every year.

Country Information
Overview
What is Tanzania like?

Sitting south of the equator, Tanzania embodies the picturesque vision one has when it comes to East Africa. Home to Africa’s highest mountain, Mt. Kilimanjaro, and some of the best-known safari national parks, Tanzania has proven time and again that untouched, pristine natural wonders are those that make the best memories and experiences. While the beauty of the country will draw you in, the friendly people and fascinating culture will make you want to stay. The colorful culture, exquisite landscapes, and rich wildlife are all wrapped up in a warm and welcoming package that is Tanzania.

Weather
What is the climate in Tanzania?

Tanzania fits the stereotype of being hot, but the hotter/more humid temperatures are found near the coast, where a refreshing beach swim is never far away. A more temperate climate is found in the elevated north/southeast. The country has two sets of rainy seasons; the long and heavy rains fall between March and May while the shorter rains fall between November and January every year.

Geography
What is the geography of Tanzania?

Located in East Africa, Tanzania’s geography is varied and unique. It’s beaches embrace the Indian Ocean to the east while savannahs and mountains creep in as you move towards the north/west part of the country. The snow-capped Mt. Kilimanjaro is located in the northeast and is surrounded by lakes, mountains and many national parks. Towards the center of the country is a large plateau, filled with plains, grasslands, and plenty of arable land. The variety of geographic features provide for an un-paralleled level of diversity in landscapes, flora and fauna.

Things To Do
What can I do in Tanzania besides safari?

Known best for safaris, Tanzania has a multitude of exciting attractions to fill your time. The northern town of Arusha sits at the base of Mt. Kilimanjaro and Mt. Meru, both of which are available to hike. For those seeking a more relaxing experience, the pristine islands of Zanzibar and Pemba spoil visitors with white sandy beaches and some of Africa's best dive spots. Walking tours of the capital city Dar es Salaam and Stone Town in Zanzibar City are available, as you bustle through the lively streets with delicious food waiting for you while overlooking the Indian Ocean.

What is the Great Migration?

The spectacular Great Wildebeest Migration is a once-in-a-lifetime experience. Annually, more than two million grazers like wildebeest, but also zebras and gazelles, travel from the Serengeti in Tanzania to the Masai Mara in Kenya in search for green pasture.

The wildebeest migrate in a circular pattern in the Serengeti National Park year-round. The annual migration towards the Masai Mara takes place from July to October.

At this time, the wildebeest reside in the north of the Serengeti near the border with Kenya. Here, they cross the Mara River into the Masai Mara. The moment when huge herds cross the river is a dramatic and impressive sight you won't forget fast.

If you are in Tanzania during this time of the year, we recommend seeing this unique spectacle on a safari before or after your climb.

If you are interested in the Great Migration, please have a look at our safari options, book a free consultation with us or request your custom quote.

 

 

Health & Safety
Is the type of Malaria in Tanzania dangerous?

Malaria is endemic in Tanzania and the risk of contraction is high. There are numerous varieties of malaria, but Falciparum malaria is the disease's most dangerous and potentially lethal form, and this strain proliferates in Tanzania. Infection requires only to be bitten by an infected mosquito. Infection rates are at their highest during the rainy season. Contracting malaria can cause serious illness and even death, so precautions including taking preventative antimalarials is highly recommended.

What vaccinations do I need when travelling to Tanzania?

When planning a trip to Tanzania, the following vaccinations are always recommended:

  • Hepatitis A
  • Hepatitis B
  • Boosters for tetanus, diphtheria and measles

The World Health Organization additionally recommends the following vaccinations for all travellers worldwide:

  • Mumps
  • Rubella
  • Polio

In addition, you may need the following:

  • Yellow fever certificate: Required for immigration if travelling via a country with increased risk of yellow fever (such as Ethiopia or Kenya); not required otherwise.
  • Typhoid: Usually only recommended for pro-longed stays.
  • Rabies: Usually only recommended for pro-longed stays in remote areas.

Medical requirements other than vaccinations:

  • Malaria: There is no vaccination to protect against malaria. However, we strongly recommend that you take preventative anti-malarials when travelling to Tanzania.
  • Other: Please refer to our packing list for more medications that we recommend for your trip.

Please note that some vaccinations are administered over prolonged time periods to become effective. Therefore, it is important that you consult your medical expert well ahead of your trip.

What diseases are a risk in Tanzania?

To decrease the risk of the most common illnesses in Tanzania, make sure to take all the recommended vaccinations, in consultation with your doctor.

Besides malaria, there are a few other mosquito-borne viral infections, f.e. dengue and chikungunya, against which you can only take preventative measures like using a mosquito repellent. Please note, unlike malaria these mosquitos are active during the day with peak activity during early morning and late afternoon. Therefore, it's important to use mosquito repellent during the day.

While chikungunya is rarely life-threatening, dengue can potentially be very dangerous.

Furthermore, the traveler's diarrhoea may happen to you.

Both Filariasis and Schistosomiasis occur throughout Tanzania, but the risk of infection is low during a short visit.

Is Dengue Fever dangerous?

Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral infection that occasionally has a break out in Tanzania, particularly in the capital city Dar Es Salaam but definitely not restricted to it.

Dengue symptoms look like Malaria, including the joint and muscle pain as well as a potentially high fever. There are four serotypes of the virus and you can get each of them only once.

However, subsequent infections with different virus serotypes increase the risk of the viral infection progressing into Dengue Hemorraghic Fever. This can be fatal if complications like a circulatory failure and a shock occur; this condition is known as the Dengue Shock Syndrome.

The mosquitos that transmit dengue are active during the day, with peak moments in the early morning and the late afternoon.  They prefer to be in the shade when it's hot, just like you.

Currently, there is no vaccination against dengue yet. Therefore, it's very important to avoid mosquito bites by using a repellent that contains DEET.

 

Visa & Entry Requirements
How long does my passport need to be valid for when travelling to Tanzania?

For most travellers and nationalities entering the country, the passport that you hold must be valid for an additional six months after the date of entry into Tanzania. This applies to visitors from Australia, the United Kingdom, the European Union, the United States, South and Central America, Asia and Canada. This is also the case for visitors hoping to apply for a visa. Travellers planning a visit to Tanzania whose passport expires prior to that date should have their passport updated immediately.

Do I need a visa to travel to Tanzania?

Most visitors require a visa to travel to Tanzania. This includes travellers coming from the United States and Canada, most European countries, Australia and New Zealand, and parts of Asia. There are some exceptions including nationals from Cyprus or Romania, citizens of Malaysia, Hong Kong and a number of other African nations. Be sure to double check the visa regulations for your country as they are subject to change.

What's the best way to get my Tanzania visa?

So far, the easiest way to get your visa for Tanzania is upon arrival. Visas on arrival are available at all main entry points, including at Kilimanjaro, Zanzibar and Dar es Salaam International airports as well as at the Namanga border crossing with Kenya.

End 2018, Tanzania introduced an e-visa service, which means that you can now also apply for your visa online. As of launch, the online system is still prone to errors and may not always work. After a transition period, however, it is expected that Tanzania may phase out visas on arrival and require all visitors to hold an e-visa. If in doubt, it would be best that you apply for an e-visa ahead of your trip.

How much is the Tanzania visa, and how do I pay it?

The fee for single entry visas upon arrival is US$100 for US citizens and US$50 for all other nationalities that require a visa. The visa on arrival fee needs to be paid in cash (in US dollars). You can now also apply for e-visas online and pre-pay by card.

Do I need a yellow fever vaccination certificate when travelling to Tanzania?

Tanzania does not require proof of yellow fever vaccination for all travellers. However, travellers entering Tanzania from a country with a risk of yellow fever do need to display a certificate of vaccination before entering the country.

The countries with yellow fever risk are currently limited to other African nations and countries in South and Central America.

What are the entry requirements for Tanzania?

Generally speaking, the entry requirements for Tanzania are an international passport that is at least valid for six more months upon entry. It also needs to have at least one empty page.

Furthermore, you probably need a visa, and if you travel from a yellow fever endemic country, you need a yellow fever certificate.

When asked, you must be able to show proof of your roundtrip ticket and possess enough funds to cover all costs during your stay.

Deciding When To Go
Weather
What is the climate in Tanzania?

Tanzania fits the stereotype of being hot, but the hotter/more humid temperatures are found near the coast, where a refreshing beach swim is never far away. A more temperate climate is found in the elevated north/southeast. The country has two sets of rainy seasons; the long and heavy rains fall between March and May while the shorter rains fall between November and January every year.

Preparing Your Trip
Vaccinations & Medications
Should I take anti-malarials when travelling to Tanzania?

We recommend all travelers visiting Tanzania to take anti-malarials, even if you are only planning a short trip or a mountain climb because you will not be able to entirely avoid your exposure to malaria-transmitting mosquitoes.

Before leaving for Tanzania your doctor can recommend an anti-malarial medicine, along with instructions about dosage. Very often doctors will prescribe a course of antibiotics or anti-parasitic medicines as a preventative measure to be begun one to two weeks before departure for Tanzania. Whatever is prescribed, it is important that travelers follow dosing directions carefully.

What anti-malarials do you recommend for Tanzania?

We cannot make recommendations as to particular anti-malarial substances or brands. Most doctors and health care providers who have worked with malaria in Tanzania recommend a course of medications like Mefloquine hydrochloride, atovaquone-proguanil or antibiotics like Doxycycline prior to your departure for Tanzania.

It is important that you check with your physician for the best drug and correct dosage depending on your personal situation. Your doctor should have experience with malaria and keep up-to-date about the latest developments as drug-resistance patterns of malaria viruses are changing rapidly.

Why is it important to take anti-malarials preventatively, not just in case of contraction?

Many travellers believe that malaria is a mild illness and can always be treated successfully, and that taking antimalarials may cause more severe side effects than actually getting malaria. This is not true. Side effects depend on the drug, are not universal and can be minimised by taking the best drug for you, and taking it correctly.

The type of malaria in Tanzania may be lethal within 24 hours of developing first symptoms, and treatment after contraction may not be successful or come in time. In case of pregnancy, the risks include miscarriage or premature labour. We strongly recommend taking preventative antimalarials when travelling to Tanzania.

What vaccinations do I need when travelling to Tanzania?

When planning a trip to Tanzania, the following vaccinations are always recommended:

  • Hepatitis A
  • Hepatitis B
  • Boosters for tetanus, diphtheria and measles

The World Health Organization additionally recommends the following vaccinations for all travellers worldwide:

  • Mumps
  • Rubella
  • Polio

In addition, you may need the following:

  • Yellow fever certificate: Required for immigration if travelling via a country with increased risk of yellow fever (such as Ethiopia or Kenya); not required otherwise.
  • Typhoid: Usually only recommended for pro-longed stays.
  • Rabies: Usually only recommended for pro-longed stays in remote areas.

Medical requirements other than vaccinations:

  • Malaria: There is no vaccination to protect against malaria. However, we strongly recommend that you take preventative anti-malarials when travelling to Tanzania.
  • Other: Please refer to our packing list for more medications that we recommend for your trip.

Please note that some vaccinations are administered over prolonged time periods to become effective. Therefore, it is important that you consult your medical expert well ahead of your trip.

Money & Insurance
How do I pay for things locally in Tanzania?

Even when you have booked an all-inclusive package tour, there is still a need to bring money for visas, gratuities, souvenirs, drinks, snacks, laundry, meals not covered by your itinerary, equipment rentals and any other expenses.

The US Dollar is widely excepted in Tanzania, and we strongly recommend that you bring enough cash in US dollars for all your intended purchases and payments locally. Please make sure to bring smaller notes, and that notes are not older than 2006 as notes issued before 2006 are not accepted in Tanzania.

ATMs are available in major cities (including Arusha, Moshi, and Zanzibar), though may not always be conveniently located near your hotel. Credit cards are only accepted at larger hotels, stores and restaurants, and may involve high surcharges. Even when credit card machines are available, outages may occur due to limited network connectivity.

Travel Arrangements
Getting Started
What is the city of Moshi like?

The majority of tourists who visit Moshi are there to climb Mount Kilimanjaro or to relax after a climb.

However, there are plenty of other things to do in the town and tourists can go on cultural tours, explore the local markets, or visit one of the indigenous villages or animal rescue centers on Kilimanjaro’s lower slopes.

Moshi is famous for its coffee production and you can learn more about the history behind it by visiting local coffee plantations and speaking to the farmers who produce it.

Tourists can also arrange tours to the Materuni Waterfalls and the surrounding valleys, which are located just a stone’s throw away from the town.

What is the city of Arusha like?

Arusha is the safari capital of Tanzania and lies at the foot of Mount Meru, which is a popular hiking destination for tourists.

There are many museums and markets in the city, as well as bars, shopping centres and monuments.

The Cultural Heritage Centre in the city is well worth a visit. It contains many artefacts, art galleries and boutique stores that give you a glimpse into the lifestyle and traditions of the various tribes and communities that live in the country.

Arusha also provides easy transport links to popular national parks such as Arusha National Park, Serengeti National Park, Ngorongoro and the Great Rift Valley.

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Chat with us now so we can recommend the best itinerary and offers for you. Or leave us a message with your requirements, and we will get back to you within 48 hours:




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